The World Tweets Nelson Mandela’s Death

The World Tweets Nelson Mandela’s DeathClick here to see the interactive version of the map above 

Data visualization is awesome! However, it conveys its goal when it tells a story. This weekend, Mandela’s death dominated the Twitter world and hashtags mentioning Mandela were trending worldwide. I decided to design a map that would show how people around the world tweeted the death of Nelson Mandela. First, I started collecting tweets associated with #RIPNelsonMandela using ScraperWiki. I collected approximately 250,000 tweets during the death day of Mandela. You can check this great recipe at school of data blog on how to extract and refine tweets.

scraperwiki

After the step above, I refined the collected tweets and uploaded the data into CartoDB. It is one of my favorite open source mapping tools and I will make sure to write a CartoDB tutorial in future posts. I used the Bubble or proportional symbol map which is usually better for displaying raw data. Different areas had different tweeting rates and this reflected how different countries reacted. Countries like South Africa, UK, Spain, and Indonesia had higher tweeting rates. The diameter of the circles represents the number of retweets. With respect to colors, the darker they appeared, the higher the intensity of tweets is.

That’s not the whole story! Basically, it is easy to notice that some areas have high tweeting rates such as Indonesia and Spain. After researching about this topic, it was quite interesting to know that Mandela had a unique connection with Spain, one forged during two major sporting events. In 2010, Nelson Mandela was present in the stadium when Spain’s international football team won their first ever World Cup Football trophy as well. Moreover, for Indonesians, Mandela has always been a source of joy and pride, especially as he was fond of batik and often wore it, even in his international appearances.

Nonetheless, it was evident that interesting insights can be explored and such data visualizations can help us show the big picture. It also highlight events and facts that we are not aware of in the traditional context.

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  • Daniel Kirsch

    Wouldn’t it be interesting to somehow subtract overall average tweeting rates? Looking at http://infosthetics.com/archives/2011/02/twitter_dots_mapping_all_tweets_for_a_specific_keyword.html shows a very similar pattern. Indonesia tweets a lot anyway.

    • Ali Rebaie

      Daniel, thanks for your comment! It’s interesting how you analyzed it from this perspective. In fact, I could would have used a choropleth map to calculate rates and show derived data. Indeed, different variables could play a role here. To illustrate, tweeting time, population, culture, and infrastructure can add interesting facts to the story! We always need to keep in mind that correlation does not mean causation!

  • Rachana

    May I ask how did you find a tweet location? I have used ScraperWiki (thanks to your post) and most of the tweets do not have latitude/longitude information available. Roughly speaking, only 10% of tweets had this information. Did you use some other fields to extract location information?